umption in 2019 is expected to grow 5.8 percent. Demand for coal is expected to hit 3.95 billion

tons, with the power sector still playing a significant role in the consumption of coal.

Consumption of oil is predicted to reach 620 million tons, up 1.6 percent year-on-year, while

the growth rate for natural gas consumption is expected to slow, with an annual consumption of 310 billi

on cubic meters in 2019, up 10.4 percent year-on-year, it said.The 2019 Beijing International Horticultural Ex

hibition (Expo 2019 Beijing) opens to visitors Monday, and will showcase a wide variety of flowers, fruits, vegetables and

herbs from across the world, including more than 300 rare and endangered plant species.

Nearly 20,000 volunteers across media, translation and giving directio

ns will work at the 162-day event, running April 29 – Oct 7. Click to watch their greetings in s

even languages: Chinese, English, Russian, French, German, Spanish and Japanese.

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President says gathering sets stage for more Belt and Road progress, cooperation

More than $64 billion in deals were signed during the Second Belt a

nd Road Forum for International Cooperation, President Xi Jinping told members of the me

dia from home and abroad in Beijing after the three-day event concluded on Saturday.

In addition, Xi said, during the preparation and holding of the fo

rum, parties reached 283 pragmatic outcomes, including intergovernmental cooperation agre

ements, cooperative projects and the launch of multilateral cooperation platforms.

The outcomes fully demonstrate that joint building of the Belt and Road conforms to the trend of the times, wi

nning the hearts of the people, improving livelihoods and benefiting the whole world, he said.

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 of cooperation, defined key areas and strengthened the mechanism to seek high-quality development of the BRI, he said.

Leaders reached wide-ranging agreement on high-quality cooperation on the BRI at the leaders’ roundtable on Saturday after an i

n-depth exchange of views on issues such as connectivity, policy integration and sustainable development.

They supported comprehensive infrastructure connectivity as a way to foster economic growth and to build high-q

uality, reliable, resilient and sustainable infrastructure, according to a joint communique issued after the roundtable.

All parties involved supported strengthening synergies in development policies using the principle

of extensive consultations, joint contributions for shared benefits and building even closer partnerships, the joint communique said.

The leaders also upheld green and sustainable growth and agreed to enhance cooperation in areas such as environ

mental protection, circular economy and clean energy, according to the communique.

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 to participate in financing Belt and Road projects, Xi said, adding that multiple participants will bring common benefits.

Xi announced that China will support 5,000 people from innovative sectors in Belt and Road

countries in conducting exchanges, training programs and joint research in the next five years.

Xi called for joint efforts to facilitate trade and investment and oppose protectio

nism, saying that the flow of products, funds, technology and people can propel forces for economic growth.

According to Xi, more than 150 countries and internat

ional organizations have signed cooperation documents to jointly build the Belt and Road.

The BRI has opened new space for global economic growth and

built a new platform for international trade and investment, Xi said.

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According to Chilean Ambassador Luis Schmidt, the two countries on Wednesday secured a deal to open the Chinese market to Chilean pears.

He said he is expecting the first pear exports to China to take place soon.

Zhou Jin contributed to this story.

Liu Cailin, a Hebei Academy of Fine Arts graduate, is a member of the Tujia ethnic group.

At school Liu interned at design companies during summer and winter vacations. It wa

s then that he fell in love with jewelry design. Several months after he graduated, Liu opened his own workshop.

For lovers, every gift is special. Liu once received a message: a girl received a leaf from her boyfriend, and wanted to preserve it in some

way. Liu decided to make a silver piece of jewelry for her, one of more than 2,000 stories he’s turned into works of art.

Liu now has more than 1.2 million fans and monthly sales of 150,000 yuan ($22,283), a figure that could top 350,000 yuan.

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fied. Shortly after the attack, the US government introduced the Patriot Act, the Accuracy Act and

the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, which formed a comprehensive intelligence surv

eillance network. According to a survey by Privacy International in 2007 covering 47 countries, the United States ran

ked first in the monitoring index. But the United States didn’t stop there. In 2013, Edward Snowden, a technical an

alyst at the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), exposed the Prism program. In this seven-year top-secret electronic sur

veillance, monitored individuals include non-Americans who use related company services, or any US citizen who co

mmunicates with foreigners, including email, video and voice conversations, and social network details, and so on, can be descr

ibed as large-scale indiscriminate monitoring. Surveillance states were finally formed.

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 “five-eye alliance.” It smartly uses Australia’s lack of “benefits” of the “Bill of Rights” and uses

Australia as a breakthrough to force large global technology companies to yield. It’s no wo

nder that Sharon Bradford Franklin, head of monitoring and cybersecurity polic

y at New America, said the bill was in fact the backdoor of the encrypted backdoor for the United States.

Curbing the spread of ‘surveillance states’

The emergence of surveillance states is rooted in the irratio

nal panic of the people against foreign countries and the use o

f such panic by the government. These sentiments and circumstances have been reflected in the unpr

ovoked attacks on the Chinese government and Chinese companies over the past few years.

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Chinese telecommunications equipment manufacturers such as Huawei and ZTE from providin

g 5G technology and products, as well as the use of Chinese telecommunications equipment in dom

estic broadband networks. Behind this decision is vague “national security”. For example, the West has repeat

edly accused China of its “Intelligence Law”, especially the particular Article 7 of the law, under whic

h Chinese enterprises will cooperate with the Chinese government in carrying out acts of theft.

However, the Intelligence Law does not require organizations and citizens to uncondition

ally “support, assist and cooperate” with “national intelligence”. On the contrary, the so-called “support, ass

istance and cooperation” must be carried out “in accordance with the provisions of other laws”.

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British Prime Minister Theresa May has given the green light to Chinese telecom giant H

uawei to help build the country’s 5G network, said the Daily Telegraph newspaper.

UK’s National Security Council, which is chaired by May, agree

d on Tuesday to allow Huawei limited access to help build parts

of the network such as antennas and other “noncore” infrastructure, the report said.

Huawei is already present in Britain’s existing noncore mobile network, said a Reuters report.

Previously, Huawei said it “poses no threat” and the best way to win trust is thr

ough “transparency” in response to criticism from some in the United Kingdom.

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Convening nearly 40 foreign leaders and representatives from more than 150 countries, th

e Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, which opens in Beijing on Thursday, testifi

es to a growing aspiration for collaboration amid rising unilateralism and protectionism.

The conspicuous increase in the size of foreign participation com

pared with the inaugural forum two years ago corrobo

rates United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres’ earlier comment that the Belt and Road Initia

tive, like the UN Millennium Development Goals, is a public good for the entire world.

Since President Xi Jinping proposed the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road in 2013, some pe

ople have tried to persistently frame them as geopolitical tools. While such a label and subsequent fearmong

ering have stirred up worries in the ill-informed, they can’t hoodwink those with insight.

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